Ruins of Castle – Ardud http://ardud.ro/ Mon, 21 Nov 2022 15:52:12 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://ardud.ro/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/default1-150x150.png Ruins of Castle – Ardud http://ardud.ro/ 32 32 Cable and connector supply chains face disruption https://ardud.ro/cable-and-connector-supply-chains-face-disruption/ Mon, 21 Nov 2022 15:22:38 +0000 https://ardud.ro/cable-and-connector-supply-chains-face-disruption/ by It’s no secret that bottlenecks and post-pandemic demand spikes are converging to strain fragile supply chains. Numerous news stories describe the problems facing some of the world’s largest ports and what companies are doing to overcome them. Unfortunately, the cable and connectors industry is no stranger to the effects of disturbances. Electronics manufacturers and […]]]>
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It’s no secret that bottlenecks and post-pandemic demand spikes are converging to strain fragile supply chains. Numerous news stories describe the problems facing some of the world’s largest ports and what companies are doing to overcome them.

Unfortunately, the cable and connectors industry is no stranger to the effects of disturbances. Electronics manufacturers and other industrial companies rely on cables and connectors for various products, but how to maintain production efficiency if the supply chain turns out to be inefficient and unstable?

Image showing cables and connectors facing supply chain disruption

Photo credit: Les deHamer

Due to the pandemic, consumers were spending long periods inside their homes, driving demand for consumer electronics like game consoles, smart TVs, tablets and more. The evidence shows that the sector could not meet this demand. In 2020, the electronics industry entered a slump, with a market contraction of 3% compared to the previous year, according to Statista.

While the sector is on track to recover, its supply chains are still lagging behind. Major factories and ports around the world are to suspend manufacturing and close periodically due to rising Covid-19 cases. In just a few days, these temporary suspensions have dramatic effects on production.

The difficulties

Some members of the cable and connector supply chains have been caught off guard by supply chain issues. Others have taken proactive steps and anticipated future challenges by purchasing larger quantities of raw materials to maintain production consistency. However, this approach contrasts with the increasingly popular “just-in-time, built-to-order” pipeline model that many companies have focused on over the past two decades.

Many manufacturers have also been forced to make digital transformations, adopt new and emerging technologies to improve processes. For example, the Industrial Internet of Things and artificial intelligence dramatically improve supply chain visibility, reduce errors, and facilitate data processing. But these technology investments go no further and cannot be a one-size-fits-all solution to supply chain disruptions. Take a closer look at five of the challenges cable and connector supply chains are currently facing.

1. Labor Shortages

Major players in the cable and connector industry would agree that it is very difficult to find skilled workers in this job market. According to the latest data from the American Chamber of Commerce, there are 10 million jobs and 6 million unemployed in the United States

If every unemployed person had a job, the remaining 4 million jobs would remain vacant. Companies working internationally could face a shortage of workers in other countries as the global economy becomes increasingly connected. Labor shortages could cost Germany 86 billion euros annually.

2. Natural disasters

Some parts of the world are already experiencing the adverse effects of climate change. Natural disasters are becoming more frequent and intense, causing more damage to communities and exacerbating current supply chain issues.

Consider Category 4 Hurricane Ian which made landfall in Southwest Florida in September 2022. The area is still recovering from the devastation, including local telecommunications companies such as Comcast. According to the Comcast Florida website, some of the recovery and restoration efforts completed to date include:

  • Replacement of more than 26,000 branch lines
  • Restore power and repair 26 hub sites
  • Replacement of 7,000 spans (more than 400 miles) of its network

It is a daunting task for these workers to get the network infrastructure back up and running. Some companies may need to prioritize supporting these communities before caring for their other customers. In addition, blocked roads and lack of electricity completely block the delivery and production of materials. Ongoing harsh weather conditions are disrupting the supply chain by forcing factories to close and making transportation longer than expected or impossible.

3. Shortages of raw materials

As mentioned above, raw materials are scarce. While many industries are struggling with low inventories of necessary parts and materials, the success of many markets is highly dependent on products from the cable and connector industry. In other words, many other sectors will not be able to meet increased demand without cables and connectors.

There are many types of cables and connectors with various use cases and applications. Some types are better suited to specific applications – for example, bespoke control cables are better suited to any product that is subject to tensile loads.

However, it can be difficult for a company to get their hands on these custom cables due to an inefficient supply chain. One solution would be to ensure that all cables currently in use are coated to protect cable assemblies from corrosion. Maintaining used ones and ordering replacements before they wear out will prevent downtime in the event of a production delay.

4. Shipping container issues

Almost all products in the market are packed in a shipping container for transportation. Although shipping containers are simple, they are a hot commodity right now.Image of shipping containers

Containers keep the supply chain moving, but only if they are unloaded and loaded efficiently. Unfortunately, major ports are overwhelmed with containers and lack the power to load and unload.

Shipping containers are left where they shouldn’t be, and in some cases freighters are so late they can’t wait for new containers to be loaded on board. Loading can take days or even weeks. As a result, ships choose to depart an avalanche of empty containers in congested ports, rendering them useless.

5. International issues

No country was immune to the effects of the global pandemic, which means the United States is not the only region facing economic and supply chain issues. Additionally, the impact of the war in Ukraine is deteriorating the stability of the global supply chain.

Russia’s penetration into the semiconductor market will undoubtedly have an impact on the cable and connector industry. The war will have far-reaching implications for any industry that depends on cables and connectors, as well as others that depend on international suppliers.

This list is not exhaustive ; many other challenges impact cable and connector supply chains. However, these five challenges could continue into 2023 and beyond.

Take on the challenge

Supply chain issues tend to level off after significant global events, but disruptions make it difficult for businesses in all sectors to operate effectively. Cable and connector companies are well aware of supply chain disruptions affecting their operations. They must keep others in their supply chain informed, adopt new technologies and develop new mitigation strategies to overcome these ongoing challenges.

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The deadly silence of the British budget on housing https://ardud.ro/the-deadly-silence-of-the-british-budget-on-housing/ Fri, 18 Nov 2022 07:42:14 +0000 https://ardud.ro/the-deadly-silence-of-the-british-budget-on-housing/ Comment this story Comment Tragic and preventable deaths occur even in advanced countries with strong institutions. Sometimes the only conclusion to draw is that someone hasn’t done their job. But often there are also uncomfortable lessons for the government in this. Don’t blame us. That was Cabinet Secretary Michael Gove’s immediate reaction on Tuesday to […]]]>

Comment

Tragic and preventable deaths occur even in advanced countries with strong institutions. Sometimes the only conclusion to draw is that someone hasn’t done their job. But often there are also uncomfortable lessons for the government in this.

Don’t blame us. That was Cabinet Secretary Michael Gove’s immediate reaction on Tuesday to the death of two-year-old Awaab Ishak. Awaab went into cardiac arrest in December 2020 and died on his way to hospital, just a day after being discharged from the same hospital, where he was seen with breathing difficulties. During an inquest that concluded this week, the coroner determined that the cause of death was prolonged exposure to mold.

Gove was right to point an angry finger at the owner who dumped the toddler and his family. The walls of the one-bedroom flat Awaab shared with his parents in north Manchester were covered in black spots of mould. The house was unsuitable for human habitation (as shown in photos), but the housing association that owned the property refused to act. But Gove’s intervention also underscores the central importance of an issue that was barely mentioned in Thursday’s budget: housing.

Awaab’s family had repeatedly complained to the landlord, Rochdale Boroughwide Housing (RBH). In 2017, her father, a recent immigrant from Sudan, was ordered to repaint the mold. In 2020, he had started legal proceedings, but the association’s rules meant that she remained on the sidelines while this slow process unfolded. “We did not recognize the level of risk to a little boy’s life from mold in the family home. We have allowed a process of legal decay to prevent us from tackling the mold quickly,” Gareth Swabrick, chief executive of the housing association, said in a statement.

Ignorance is no defense here. The government’s Housing Health and Safety Rating System includes dampness and mold on a list of 29 potential hazards. And no homeowner should need it made clear at this point that mold is a hazard, especially when it was so visible. The perils have long been confirmed by health authorities from the World Health Organization to the National Health Service, which warns of the risks of dampness and mold for babies and children. The government’s Decent Homes Standard requires homes to be safe. People living with dampness and mold are more likely to have respiratory problems, asthma, allergies, and other immune-compromised conditions.

“We all know local authorities are going through a tough time when it comes to funding, but frankly that’s no excuse. All that crap, all that ‘Oh if only we had more money from the government’ – do your job, man,” said Gove, who is responsible for housing and ‘levelling’ the economy in Britain. But this isn’t just one bad apple and Gove knows that. Governments exist precisely because people need to be protected from such cases. ” How in the UK in 2020 a two-year-old does he die from exposure to mold?” coroner Joanne Kearsley asked. A better question is probably how many other Awaabs are there.

The English Housing Survey found in 2020 that 3.5 million occupied dwellings did not meet the decent housing standard; 2.2 million had at least a Category 1 hazard (which includes dampness and mold) and 941,000 had severe dampness. Although the prevalence of these poor housing conditions has declined over the past decade, it remains a serious problem, especially in the poorer parts of the country. Landlords save money by delaying repairs for as long as possible in the hope that tenants – especially those whose English skills may be lacking – won’t bother to make a claim.

A 2021 report by the Housing Mediation Service found dampness and mold failures in 92 of the 142 landlords it investigated; compensation was demanded in 84 cases. As with the Ishaks, landlords often blamed residents for the problem. “It repeated itself so often that it should be described as systemic,” the mediator wrote. He concluded that owners’ “changes in culture, behavior and approach” are overdue, but change is slow without the firm stench of regulatory oversight and accountability. Indeed, there are other reports of mold growing on damp apartment walls, soaking children’s mattresses and toys, causing illness and stress.

And that’s where Awaab’s tragic death fits into the wider challenge facing Rishi Sunak as he tries to steer a flagging UK economy to a better place. Awaab has also been let down by a health service struggling with staffing shortages and backlogs, and inconsistent public services. But getting good housing is fundamental to both a civilized society and a thriving economy.

Britain not only failed to build enough houses for many years; existing housing is too often in poor condition. The UK has the oldest housing stock compared to EU countries. Its homes are less energy efficient and more difficult to heat in winter. It also has some of the most expensive and cramped quarters of its peers.

For a country struggling with alarming levels of economic inactivity, as new statistics show, it’s worth remembering that inadequate housing also has wider societal consequences. People living in houses that are cold, moldy or far below their needs tend to fall ill or suffer other consequences. A 2010 study by researchers at the University of Warwick estimated that substandard housing in England was costing the NHS around £600million a year at the time. And health expenditure has been estimated at only around 40% of the total cost to society of poor housing conditions. Others come from energy drains, poor school performance, absenteeism, social exclusion and mental health issues. Savings on one-time housing improvement costs exceeded repair costs.

No wonder Gove doesn’t want Awaab’s death to be seen as a reflection of a larger problem. At a time when the UK economy is expected to contract by 1.4% next year, these pressures will only get worse. Although below inflation, Thursday’s budget saw a 7% rise in costs for some 1.3 million social housing units.

And the government is falling far short of the Conservative manifesto commitment to build 300,000 new homes a year. Gove gave a speech this week at a growth conference where he unveiled his plan to overcome barriers to planning new home builds, based on the bizarre acronym BIDEN, with each letter standing for a aspect of the strategy. The B stands for beauty. People “don’t want ugliness forced upon them”, Gove said, so government policies will ensure new homes are aesthetically pleasing. (The other letters mean infrastructure, democracy, environment and neighborhood).

The strategy seems enlightened and promising; just like the colorful RBH website. But execution is everything. And planning and construction will take time. In the meantime, families like Awaab’s are not asking for nice houses; just the non-mortal ones.

More from Bloomberg Opinion:

• Will Sunak test the love of Britain’s Top 1%? : Therese Raphael

How to get away with just a mild case of mortgage pain: Marcus Ashworth

In the energy transition, you cannot have your cake and eat it too: Javier Blas

This column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the Editorial Board or of Bloomberg LP and its owners.

Therese Raphael is a columnist for Bloomberg Opinion covering health care and British politics. Previously, she was the editorial page editor of The Wall Street Journal Europe.

More stories like this are available at bloomberg.com/opinion

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2022 James L. Fisher Outstanding Thesis Award Winners – News https://ardud.ro/2022-james-l-fisher-outstanding-thesis-award-winners-news/ Mon, 14 Nov 2022 19:20:16 +0000 https://ardud.ro/2022-james-l-fisher-outstanding-thesis-award-winners-news/ The James L. Fisher Outstanding Theses Competition is designed to promote recognition of the highest quality graduate theses from each college. The 2022 competition was open to students who obtained their master’s degree and completed their thesis during the calendar year of July 1, 2021 to June 30, 2022. Here are the winners from colleges […]]]>

The James L. Fisher Outstanding Theses Competition is designed to promote recognition of the highest quality graduate theses from each college.

The 2022 competition was open to students who obtained their master’s degree and completed their thesis during the calendar year of July 1, 2021 to June 30, 2022. Here are the winners from colleges and universities.

Matthew Nalefsky,
University winner

Matthew W. Nalefski, University Laureate

MA in History

Thesis: The Abolitionist Promise of Revolution: America’s Banning of the Atlantic Slave Trade and the Long Road to Emancipation, 1820-1862

Thesis committee: Dr. Ross Kennedy (co-chair); Mr. Ronald Gifford (co-chair); and Dr. Stewart Winger

Thesis committee member Dr. Stewart Winger describes what Matthew is working on during his thesis studies. Matthew studies pre-war American history and uses a truly impressive array of sources that includes dozens of court cases, newspapers, letters and government reports, as well as an exhaustive number of secondary sources. , all in service of its federal government review. the government’s commitment – or lack thereof – to the international anti-slavery cause. It also included several interesting and illuminating appendices which were themselves detailed enough to warrant their own introduction. Matthew attacks the idea that the federal government in the pre-war period was in the grip of a “slave power” that was so successful in stifling efforts to end slavery that the issue has rarely even been mentioned in the halls of Congress. Looking to the seas, Matthew argues persuasively that the U.S. federal government was working hard as a nation among nations to cooperate in eliminating the transatlantic slave trade led by England and supported by other European nations. and African.
Matthew’s dissertation explores the United States’ involvement in the destruction of the international slave trade after its abolition in 1808, studying its impact on American sovereignty, the advent of the Civil War, and abolitionism. Long ignored by historians, the United States’ attempts from 1808 to 1862 to abolish the illegal international slave trade have the potential to change the historiographical understanding of abolitionism in the prewar period. Slavery was not eradicated overnight, a fact we wholeheartedly accept, but neither has the international slave trade. The parallel evolution of abolitionism, on the one hand, combined with the diplomatic, legal, and anti-slavery mechanisms associated with the slave trade, on the other, ultimately created the elements necessary for the eventual abolition of the institution. Ignoring attempts to stop the international slave trade obscured the complexity of abolitionism in the United States. To emphasize the commitment of the United States to the suppression of the slave trade is to complicate the image of an entirely consenting American government, which served as a puppet for the slavocracy, and demonstrates that in the end account, the abolitionist promise of the revolution has been kept.

Quynh Nhu Nguyen, 1st University Finalist

MS in Applied Statistics

MS in Quantitative Economics

Thesis: Statistical modeling of data breach risks: identification and notification time

Thesis committee: Dr Maochao Xu (chairman) and Dr Pei Geng

Thesis supervisor Dr. Maochao Xu explains what Nhu is working on during his thesis studies as part of statistical data breach risk modeling. Nhu completed his master’s degree in the Illinois State Department of Economics, then continued his studies in statistics in the mathematics department. His thesis was on Emerging Risk – Data Breach Risk, one of the most devastating risks imposed on society and its citizens as they can lead to serious consequences. This includes breaches that disclose personally identifiable information and company secrets, enhance identity theft, and cause significant financial loss. According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, legislation has been enacted by all US states and territories that requires data breach notification after the breach incident. Due to the unique nature of cyber risk, the flaw is often discovered after days, months, or even years. The longer a breach goes unaddressed, the more data is leaked and the greater the overall impact, financial and otherwise.

It is very difficult to predict the cost of a cyber incident due to the complex nature of cyber risk. However, it is unavoidable that insurance companies offer cyber insurance policies. The time it takes to identify an incident and the time it takes to notice the people involved are two important elements in determining the cost of a cyber incident. In this work, Nhu initialized the study on these two metrics via statistical modeling approaches. Nhu proposed a novel approach to impute missing data and developed a dependency model to capture the complex pattern exhibited by these two measures. The empirical study showed that the proposed approach has a satisfactory predictive performance and is superior to other commonly used models.

Melissa L. Quimby, College Laureate

Melissa L. Quimby, College Laureate
Melissa L. Quimby,
college winner

MS in Community and Applied Economic Development (Sociology)

Thesis: Aid Worker Burnout as an Injury: Policy Implications for the Aid Sector

Thesis Committee: Dr. Michael L. Dougherty (Chair); Dr. Chris Wellin; and Dr. Marion Willetts

Melissa’s master’s thesis focused on the phenomenon of burnout among aid and development workers, an interest born out of her own career in aid and the burnout that she personally experienced and witnessed around her. According to the chair of her thesis committee, Dr. Michael L. Dougherty, Melissa sensed that there was something unique about the character of burnout experienced in the aid sector, and she undertook understand it and design policy interventions to address it. Melissa collected a considerable amount of rich qualitative data, drawing on her extensive professional network. The main idea of ​​his dissertation research was that structural conditions in the aid sector, broadly defined, which have funding systems at their root, cause a disproportionate amount of burnout among aid workers. She also identified other more visible factors – work stress and a corporate culture of individualism and machismo, among others. But the identification of “hidden” sectoral factors makes a significant contribution to the literature on the sociology of organizations.

Melissa researched the concept of burnout as the “injury” inflicted on workers by poorly structured organizations in a highly competitive industry. This research explores the motivating factors that lead a person to a career in humanitarian work and the organizational strategies that they believe best prevent symptoms.

Bethany N. Wohrley, College Laureate

Bethany Wohrley, College Laureate
Bethany Wohrley, College Laureate

MS in Agricultural Science

Thesis: Snail establishment in response to corn residue management and harvest date

Thesis Committee: Dr. Nicholas Heller (Chair); Dr. Ken Smiciklas; and Dr. Bill Perry

Bethany’s master’s thesis focused on cover crops and how they are a key management strategy for mitigating the negative environmental impacts of agriculture. However, only 3% of Illinois’ acreage reports planting cover crops, largely due to a lack of direct financial incentive. Arabis (Thlaspi arvense L.) is a commercial cover crop that could provide a solution to this problem by providing an environmental benefit as well as an economic return. Although it has achieved profitable yields in clean, well-managed breeding plots, pennycress faces establishment challenges when planted after corn in an agricultural setting. Therefore, the objective of this research project was to evaluate different agronomic management strategies to improve the growth of pennycress under field conditions after maize harvest.
Thesis committee chair Dr. Nicholas Heller said Bethany is a determined researcher who did a lot of field research for her thesis studies. Field research involves unique challenges that Bethany has diligently tackled. She faced obstacles related to machinery and weather and still managed to plant her project every spring when supplies were hard to come by. She weeded, watered, and collected data all year round: corn in the spring and summer, pennycress in the fall, winter, and spring, and soybeans in the summer and fall. She collected and hand-processed her samples for each segment of the project. Beyond agriculture, the significance of Bethany’s research extends to addressing anthropomorphic eutrophication, climate change, reducing fossil fuel use, and increasing farmer profits. Bethany has worked with pennycress, which will be used as a cover crop to reduce nutrient loss from fields, but unlike traditional cover crops, pennycress produces oilseeds that will be harvested and sold to earn farmers more money without applying synthetic fertilizer. An important part of his analysis was precision farming technologies to study the whole system, including the cash crops of the two seasons adjacent to the cultivation of pennycress, and his use of multivariate data analysis to make sense to the immense amount of data it has collected.

An outstanding thesis from a master’s program will be submitted to a regional competition sponsored by the Midwest Association of Graduate Schools. Participation in the regional competition will promote a positive image of higher education at Illinois State University among its neighboring institutions and ensure student recognition.

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Guangzhou lockdown: Chinese criticize zero-Covid – in language censors don’t seem to understand https://ardud.ro/guangzhou-lockdown-chinese-criticize-zero-covid-in-language-censors-dont-seem-to-understand/ Sat, 12 Nov 2022 06:27:00 +0000 https://ardud.ro/guangzhou-lockdown-chinese-criticize-zero-covid-in-language-censors-dont-seem-to-understand/ hong kong CNN — In many countries, swearing against the government online is so commonplace that no one takes a stab at it. But it’s not such an easy task on China’s heavily censored internet. That doesn’t seem to have stopped Guangzhou residents from venting their frustration after their city – a global manufacturing powerhouse […]]]>


hong kong
CNN

In many countries, swearing against the government online is so commonplace that no one takes a stab at it. But it’s not such an easy task on China’s heavily censored internet.

That doesn’t seem to have stopped Guangzhou residents from venting their frustration after their city – a global manufacturing powerhouse home to 19 million people – became the epicenter of a nationwide Covid outbreak, prompting containment measures Again.

“We had to close in April and then again in November,” a resident said on Weibo, China’s restricted version of Twitter, on Monday, before peppering the post with profanity that included references to officials’ mothers. “Government didn’t provide subsidies – do you think my rent doesn’t cost money?”

Other users left messages with instructions that loosely translate to “go to hell”, while some accused the authorities of “talking nonsense” – albeit in less polite wording.

These colorful messages are remarkable not only because they represent growing public frustration to China’s relentless zero-Covid policy – which uses instant lockdowns, mass testing, extensive contact tracing and quarantines to eradicate infections as soon as they appear – but because they remain visible at all.

Normally such harsh criticism of government policies would be quickly removed by the army of government censors, but these positions remained untouched for days. And that’s probably because they’re written in language that few censors will fully understand.

These messages are in Cantonese, native to Guangdong Province, Guangzhou, and spoken by tens of millions of people in southern China. It can be difficult to decipher by speakers of Mandarin – China’s official language and one favored by the government – especially in its written and often complex slang forms.

And it seems to be just the latest example of how the Chinese are turning to Cantonese – an irreverent language that offers rich opportunities for satire – to express their displeasure with their government without attracting the attention of all-seeing censors. .

Masked people line up for Covid-19 tests in Beijing, China on November 10.

In September this year, the US-based independent media monitoring organization China Digital Times noted that many disgruntled Cantonese posts were slipping through censors in response to mass Covid testing requirements in Guangdong.

“Maybe because Weibo’s content censorship system has trouble recognizing the spelling of Cantonese characters, many posts in spicy, bold, and simple language still survive. But if the same content is written in Mandarin, it is likely to be blocked or deleted”, says the organizationwhich is affiliated with the University of California at Berkeley.

In neighboring Cantonese-speaking Hong Kong, anti-government protesters in 2019 often used Cantonese puns both for protest slogans and to guard against possible surveillance by mainland Chinese authorities.

Now, Cantonese appears to offer those fed up with China’s continued zero-Covid lockdowns an avenue for more subtle displays of dissent.

Jean-François Dupré, an assistant professor of political science at TÉLUQ University who has studied Hong Kong’s language policy, said the Chinese government’s increasingly low tolerance for public criticism has pushed its critics to “innovate” in their communication.

“It appears that using non-Mandarin forms of communication could allow dissidents to escape online censorship, at least for a while,” Dupré said.

“This phenomenon speaks to the regime’s growing lack of trust and paranoia, and to the citizens’ continued readiness to resist despite the risks and obstacles.

Although Cantonese shares much of its vocabulary and writing system with Mandarin, many of its slang terms, swear words, and everyday expressions have no equivalent in Mandarin. Its written form also sometimes relies on rarely used and archaic characters, or characters that mean something entirely different in Mandarin, so Cantonese sentences can be difficult for Mandarin readers to understand.

Compared to Mandarin, Cantonese is very colloquial, often informal, and easily lends itself to puns, making it well suited for making up and throwing barbs.

When Hong Kong was rocked by anti-government protests in 2019 — fueled in part by fears that Beijing was encroaching on the city’s autonomy, freedoms and culture — these attributes of Cantonese became very clear.

“Cantonese was, of course, a major vehicle for political grievances during the 2019 protests,” Dupré said, adding that the language gave “a strong local flavor to the protests.”

He pointed out how entirely new typefaces sprang up spontaneously from the pro-democracy movement – ​​including one that combined the characters of “freedom” with popular profanity.

Other games on written characters illustrate the endless creativity of Cantonese, such as a stylized version of “Hong Kong” which, when read from the side, becomes “add oil” – a rallying cry in demonstrations.

Protesters have also found ways to protect their communications, fearing that online chat groups – where they held rallies and railed against authorities – were being monitored by mainland agents.

For example, because spoken Cantonese sounds different from spoken Mandarin, some people have experimented with romanizing Cantonese—spelling sounds using the English alphabet—thus making it virtually impossible for a non-native speaker to understand.

Protesters during a rally against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong on May 4, 2019.

And, while protests died down after the Chinese government imposed a sweeping national security law in 2020, Cantonese continues to offer residents of the city a way to express their unique local identity – something that people have long feared losing as the city is drawn more to Beijing. to input.

For some, using Cantonese to criticize the government seems particularly appropriate given that the central government has pushed for Mandarin to be used nationwide in education and daily life – for example, in television broadcasts and other media – often at the expense of regional languages ​​and dialects.

These efforts turned into national controversy in 2010, when government officials suggested increasing Mandarin programming on Guangzhou’s mainly Cantonese television station – outraged residents, who took part in rare mass gatherings in the streets and scuffles with the police.

It’s not just the Cantonese who are affected – many ethnic minorities have expressed concern that the decline of their native languages ​​could mean the end of cultures and ways of life they say are already under threat.

In 2020, students and parents in Inner Mongolia organized mass school boycotts on a new policy that replaced the Mongolian language with Mandarin in elementary and middle schools.

Similar fears have long existed in Hong Kong – and grew in the 2010s as more Mandarin-speaking mainlanders began to live and work in the city.

“A growing number of Mandarin-speaking school children have been enrolled in Hong Kong schools and have been seen commuting between Shenzhen and Hong Kong on a daily basis,” Dupré said. “Thanks to these meetings, the language change that has taken place in Guangdong has become quite visible for Hong Kongers.”

He added that these concerns were exacerbated by local government policies that emphasized the role of Mandarin and referred to Cantonese as a “dialect” – infuriating some Hong Kongers who viewed the term as a snub and argued it should be called “language”. ” In place.

Over the past decade, schools in Hong Kong have been encouraged by the government to switch to using Mandarin in Chinese lessons, while others have switched to teaching simplified characters – the written form preferred on the mainland – instead of the traditional characters used in Hong Kong. .

There was further outrage in 2019 when the city’s education chief suggested that the continued use of Cantonese rather than Mandarin in city schools could mean Hong Kong would lose its competitive advantage in the coming.

“Given Hong Kong’s rapid economic and political integration, it would not be surprising to see Hong Kong’s language regime align with that of the mainland, especially with regard to the promotion of Mandarin,” said Dupre.

This is not the first time that people on the mainland have found ways to circumvent censors. Many use emojis to represent taboo phrases, English abbreviations that represent Mandarin phrases, and images like cartoons and digitally altered photos, which are harder for censors to monitor.

But these methods, by their very nature, have their limits. By contrast, for weary Guangzhou residents, Cantonese offers an endless linguistic landscape with which to castigate their rulers.

It’s unclear whether these more subversive uses of Cantonese will encourage greater solidarity among its speakers in southern China — or whether it might encourage the central government to further crack down on the use of local dialects, Dupré said.

A delivery man delivers a package to the entrance of a closed neighborhood in Liwan, Guangzhou, on November 9.

For now though, many Weibo users have taken the rare opportunity to vent their frustration over China’s zero Covid policy, which has battered the country’s economy, isolated it from the rest of the world and disrupted the people’s daily lives with the constant threat of lockdowns and unemployment.

“I hope everyone can maintain their anger,” wrote one Weibo user, noting that most of the posts relating to the Guangzhou lockdowns were in Cantonese.

“Watching Cantonese scolding (authorities) on Weibo without getting caught,” posted another, using characters that mean laughing.

“Learn Cantonese well and browse Weibo without fear.”

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“A complete mess”: small boats, a big problem for successive home secretaries | Immigration and asylum https://ardud.ro/a-complete-mess-small-boats-a-big-problem-for-successive-home-secretaries-immigration-and-asylum/ Fri, 04 Nov 2022 23:36:00 +0000 https://ardud.ro/a-complete-mess-small-boats-a-big-problem-for-successive-home-secretaries-immigration-and-asylum/ Jhe is a former interior minister Priti Patel had a whiteboard behind her ministerial desk on which she had written a list of her priorities. For most of his tenure, the top three issues have been: managing small boats, reducing crime, protecting national security. When she left the firm in September, Patel was unable to […]]]>

Jhe is a former interior minister Priti Patel had a whiteboard behind her ministerial desk on which she had written a list of her priorities. For most of his tenure, the top three issues have been: managing small boats, reducing crime, protecting national security.

When she left the firm in September, Patel was unable to report much progress on priority number one and the situation she left to her successor, Suella Bravermanquickly disintegrated into chaos.

Within the already beleaguered department, morale has plummeted again this week. “It’s a complete mess,” said home office says the source. “It’s very depressing because we have deployed massive resources to think about it, to talk to the French, to launch the Rwandan project, to try to put in place new accommodation structures. None of this worked.

Officials say there is now an unworkable tension between how Tory ministers want Home Office staff to respond to the issue of small boats crossing the Channel and how officials believe the problem should be dealt with . Ministers insist the arrival of small boats must simply be stopped, but Home Office staff say the focus should now be on improving the dysfunctional asylum system .

Refugees have undertaken dangerous journeys across the English Channel for decades, but since the lockdown disrupted lorry and train traffic between France and Britain, the switch to crossing in tiny boats unseaworthy has made a largely hidden phenomenon that is very difficult to ignore.

The sharp increase in the number of people arriving by boat, from almost zero in 2018 to almost 40,000 this year, must be set against this movement of people arriving (usually unnoticed and uncounted) by truck.

It is unclear whether there has been an overall surge in the number of people crossing the Channel, or simply a passage of unseen and unrecorded arrivals by road (many of whom have disappeared into the black economy) to visible arrivals who come on small boats and are immediately picked up and checked in by officials.

The perspective of the arrival of the boats is politically problematic. In a post-Brexit era, when the referendum result was supposed to allow the government to regain control of its borders, the regular news broadcasts of these repeated landings have caused serious concern within the cabinet.

“As part of the takeover, you have a very visible hole in the border, and No 10 wants it to stop. They are not asking the Home Office to deal with it or reduce it – the message is that we have to stop it,” an official said. “To the public, it seems inconceivable that we can’t stop it.”

Staff inside the department’s headquarters in Marsham Street in Westminster monitor the forecast and mark the Home Secretary’s diary as a Home Office red day when the weather forecast is fair with no northerly winds . On those days, the French police will deploy more officers to the coast between Calais and Dunkirk, the British navy is put on alert and special advisers turn on the news channels continuously and prepare for trouble.

“If it’s a sunny day and Sky News has good pictures then it all kicks off. Calls start coming in from No 10 asking, ‘What do you do about it?'” said a former adviser to the Ministry of the Interior.

The issue has taken up huge amounts of ministerial time from Patel and his cabinet colleagues. Then Prime Minister Boris Johnson launched a task force last year to meet weekly to discuss solutions; the task force compiled a 25-point plan with different options, including a column of “magic solutions”, a Home Office source said, most of which involved replicating initiatives taken – under maritime conditions very different and with questionable success – by Australia. New installments of money were sent to the French to pay for drones and infrared night goggles and more police.

Under Patel, officials said, the search for solutions for small boats was often exhausting. “They fought to do one thing and then another,” an official said. “[Patel] would go to Greece, look at the Greek asylum model and come back and say, ‘Do what Greece did’. Please do all of this. And then three weeks later, she was like, ‘Have you ever done it?’ »

Then authorities were instructed to stop the sale of dinghies in northern France, but discovered that as the boats were often ordered online from manufacturers in China, this was no simple task. . In the summer of 2021, Patel hoped that a strategy of ordering naval cutters to push small boats back to France would prove effective. “Thousands of hours of work have gone into the legality assessment. For it to be legal, it had to be safe, and there was no way it would ever be safe,” said an official who worked on the strategy. “We knew the pushback policy was doomed from the start.”

This scheme was later superseded by the equally problematic Rwanda initiative, under which the Rwandan government received £120m in return for allowing Britain to transport an unspecified number of arriving people. by small boats to have their asylum applications processed in Kigali.

Those whose applications are accepted will be allowed to stay in Rwanda. Although Braverman said she dreams of a plane full of asylum seekers taking off for Rwanda, the project is currently mired in legal challenges.

“What ministers didn’t want was officials saying, ‘We have a problem and we’re going to deal with it.’ What they wanted officials to say is, ‘We have a problem and we’re going to fix it. We’re going to stop them from coming,’ the source said.

But officials working on the issue say ministers must now accept that there is going to be a stream of arrivals of asylum seekers from northern France, and rather than invest energy in trying to prevent arrivals, they should instead focus on processing them more efficiently.

The asylum system is set to process about 20,000 applications a year, but currently processes twice that number each year, and the backlog of unprocessed applications stands at around 120,000. The department has struggled to recruit new social workers, and many leave jobs considered stressful and poorly paid.

Despite repeated promises in the wake of the Windrush scandal that the Home Office would undergo a complete cultural transformation and rebuild itself into a more compassionate and just institution, there is still a politics of hostility built into the asylum process of the UK. Having a slow and slightly dysfunctional system is part of a deliberate deterrence strategy to make life difficult for asylum seekers.

“We’re not supposed to rush into cases because it’s going to look soft,” a Home Office source said.

But the delays are bad news for everyone involved. Asylum seekers are not allowed to work or study, so they cannot begin to rebuild their lives – or pay taxes – as they sometimes wait more than a year for their cases to be decided.

Many of these people who are waiting for their applications to be processed are staying in hotels or hostels at taxpayers’ expense. The UK is spending nearly £7million a day on asylum hotels as a direct result of this backlog.

The whole structure of the asylum system has been designed to be skeptical and try to put holes in claimants’ stories in order to reject claims. It is an approach that is ill-suited to the current cohort of arrivals, most of whom come from conflict-torn countries such as Afghanistan, Syria, Eritrea, Iraq and Iran, and whose most are eligible for asylum.

There is no evidence that this hostile approach deters people from coming to the UK to seek asylum. Furthermore, migration experts point out that, despite Braverman’s characterization of the arrival of migrants as an “invasion on our southern coast”, the number of people coming to the UK is relatively low compared to its neighbors across the UK. EU. Seventeen EU countries received more asylum applications per capita last year, according to a analysis of official figures by the OMO.

Patel acknowledged that media coverage of boat arrivals created relentless pressure. Two years ago, a small boat crisis ruined her son’s 11th birthday party, she said, just as it forced his predecessor, Sajid Javid, to scrap his family Christmas vacation in 2018 “The day was completely ruined because we had small boat problems. “, she told the Telegraph.

The issue now looks poised to dominate Braverman’s tenure. The new interior minister is expected to spend much of her ministerial career checking weather forecasts in northern France.

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More SC voters come out to vote early compared to June primaries https://ardud.ro/more-sc-voters-come-out-to-vote-early-compared-to-june-primaries/ Wed, 02 Nov 2022 00:04:01 +0000 https://ardud.ro/more-sc-voters-come-out-to-vote-early-compared-to-june-primaries/ Rising prices, a struggling economy, the right to choose women, and civic duty as citizens — there are many reasons South Carolina residents are venturing out early to vote. Since the state enacted legislation expanding early voting, more people have voted ahead of the Nov. 8 midterm elections than they did in June before the […]]]>
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Wave of far-right protests against Drag Queen family events not slowing in Canada https://ardud.ro/wave-of-far-right-protests-against-drag-queen-family-events-not-slowing-in-canada/ Thu, 27 Oct 2022 00:07:27 +0000 https://ardud.ro/wave-of-far-right-protests-against-drag-queen-family-events-not-slowing-in-canada/ Analysis Drag queen events for all ages have been threatened and harassed in 2022 by Emily Leedham, Prairie Journalist October 26, 2022 Family drag queen storytime events across Canada continue to be the subject of a dangerous wave of bigotry as protesters with links to the “Freedom Convoy” and hate groups using homophobic rhetoric to […]]]>

Analysis

Drag queen events for all ages have been threatened and harassed in 2022

Family drag queen storytime events across Canada continue to be the subject of a dangerous wave of bigotry as protesters with links to the “Freedom Convoy” and hate groups using homophobic rhetoric to stir up fear about the 2SLGBTQ+ community.

Drag Queen Story Time events are often kept in public libraries in collaboration with 2SLGBTQ+ organizations and involve drag queens reading stories to children about inclusivity.

For the past two weeks, far-right organizers have attempted to shut down drag queen storytime events in Winnipeg and Saskatoonthe latest in a series of online protests and opposition to other storytime events across Canada.

In 2022 alone, fifteen drag queen reading events across the country reportedly experienced online protests, threats and harassment.

These locations include: Victoria, BC; Richmond, BC; Edmonton, Alta.; Calgary, Alta.; Saskatoon, Sask.; Winnipeg, Man.; Peterborough, ON; Pembroke, Ont.; Pickering, ON; Whitby, ON; Orillia, ON; Dorval, QC; Montreal, QC; Sydney, NS; and Saint John, NB.

Several of these protests were organized through convoy-related channels on Telegram, a social media network popular with the far-right, a Radio-Canada investigation revealed earlier this year.

Many organizers promote conspiracy theories and use homophobic rhetoric equating LGBTQ people, and trans people in particular, with “groomers” and pedophiles.

According to Canadian Anti-Hate Network, “charges of ‘grooming children’ have historically been used to alienate members of the 2SLGBTQ+ community from professions like teaching. These accusations, however, have never diminished within the far right, which has long branded its ideological and political foes as paedophiles.

In Winnipeg, far-right organizer and school board candidate Patrick Allard encouraged supporters to demonstrate peacefully Drag Queen Story Time Event at a local cafe on October 29. Allard has been a key organizer of several protests against COVID-19 restrictions and has previously promoted the work of Action4Canadaa Christian nationalist group currently organizing against 2SLGBTQ+ resources in schools.

Far-right organizer and local school board candidate Todd MacDougall also encouraged his followers to protest the Drag Queen Story Time event on his Winnipeg Alternative Media Facebook live stream. MacDougall participated in the convoy occupation in Ottawa and previously identified himself as a proud boy – a group that has been designated as a terrorist entity in Canada.

Winnipeg 2SLGBTQ+ organizers and supporters have since planned a Drag Hour Host Committee rally together to ensure that the story time event runs smoothly and safely.

Merrill Grant, host committee organizer, said PressProgress it is important to support 2SLGBTQ+ visibility in the communities.

“One of the common threads of gay, trans and queer liberation is the fight against silence, shame and ‘the closet,'” Grant said. “Drag is perhaps the antithesis of that! Drag is a celebration of queer pride, joy, intensity and resilience! »

Harassment campaigns of visible members of the 2SLGBTQ+ community are just the latest attempts to push 2SLGBTQ+ individuals back into the closet.

“The people and groups who organize and employ this hate are nothing new, they just found a problem that they believe has enough impact to be generalized,” Grant said.

“Trans people, drag artists and especially 2SLGBTQ+ youth are the most visible targets and are at the center of their hate campaign.”

These reactionary campaigns are also used as “a wedge to divide communities”, Grant added. “We need people to see this, stand up and call it out.”

“Much like the birth of gay liberation in the 60s and 70s, and the HIV/AIDS crises of the 80s and 90s, we will continue to stand up for the safety, dignity and rights of our communities and families.”

In Saskatoon, Mark Friesen, an organizer of the Freedom Rally deeply rooted in far-right communities drew Pay attention to a Reading with Royalty drag queen event for all ages Facebook on October 16 and linked him to conspiracies involving the UN and the World Economic Forum. Popular convoy-related Facebook groups like Slow Roll Saskatoon and Saskatchewan Freedom Revolution also promoted conspiracies about the event and encouraged members to protest.

Friesen’s post was shared by Daryl Cooper, a Saskatchewan-based society organizer Unified base who has links with Christian nationalist revival groups. Cooper resigned as the Saskatchewan Party candidate in 2020 after PressProgress reported on his story on social media engaging in Q-Anon conspiracies.

Despite this, only 15-20 far-right protesters showed up for the event, although two were wearing branded clothing. Diagolona far-right movement associated with militant accelerationism. They outnumbered nearly 200 2SLGBTQ+ supporters and there was no violence.

Drag Queen Story Time events have also been widely targeted by the far right across the United States. Far-right protesters recently brought guns and other weapons at an event in Oregon that resulted in violence.

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Comment: A little help on inflation analysis from Sununu of New Hampshire https://ardud.ro/comment-a-little-help-on-inflation-analysis-from-sununu-of-new-hampshire/ Sat, 22 Oct 2022 08:00:33 +0000 https://ardud.ro/comment-a-little-help-on-inflation-analysis-from-sununu-of-new-hampshire/ President Biden and his designated messengers just got some crucial last-minute information — from a most unlikely source — on Wednesday night. It made clear how they should be talking about the one issue nearly half of Americans say they really care about in this widespread midterm campaign. President Biden speaks about his infrastructure program […]]]>

President Biden and his designated messengers just got some crucial last-minute information — from a most unlikely source — on Wednesday night. It made clear how they should be talking about the one issue nearly half of Americans say they really care about in this widespread midterm campaign.

President Biden speaks about his infrastructure program at Fern Hollow Bridge in Pittsburgh on Thursday. The span, which had collapsed in January, was rebuilt with federal funds. The biggest funding for Biden’s bailout is “all designed infrastructure, all designed to be spent in 24, 25 and 26,” Republican New Hampshire Gov. Chris Sununu told CNN’s Jake Tapper Wednesday night. Patrick Semansky/Associated Press

You probably assumed that even today’s change-resistant pols in high places would move on to rethink after a recent New York Times poll showed us that the old country cockroach always bothers us, a lot of the time. The economy/inflation was cited as the top concern by a whopping 44% of respondents. (Any other issue that was heavily covered by our news media was mentioned as the top concern by only 5% or less of respondents.)

The welcome insight on how to handle this economy/inflation problem was aired on CNN by a pointed and assertive conservative Republican, New Hampshire Gov. Chris Sununu, who of course never intended to help the Democrats. But it quickly got lost in the nocturnal gush that pours out of our Great News Funnels.

(Sununu deserves respect for bravely refusing to join the Trump sheep who publicly suck the former president into endorsing his debunked claims that the 2020 election was stolen from him. But today we’re not talking about that. Trump stuff.)

CNN’s Jake Tapper debuted Sununu’s Appearance for viewers, noting that Republicans say Biden’s $5 trillion post-pandemic economic stimulus package caused today’s inflation woes. Then he interviewed Sununu, who began by defending the standard Republican attacks on Biden’s massive stimulus package that’s fueling today’s inflation: “So look, everybody’s talking about the $5 trillion in the economy that caused inflation, that is absolutely true. There is no doubt.”

But in the next sentence, Sununu jumped into essential context which is precisely the kind of thing his fellow Republicans hope you won’t think about at all.

“What a lot of people don’t realize,” Sununu continued, is that “only a fraction has actually been spent. … The actual number of cut checks is very minimal. He added that the most important funding for Biden’s bailout is “all designed infrastructure, all designed to be spent in 24, 25 and 26. And so inflation is going to be very exacerbated for the next few years.

Sununu is absolutely right. Although nearly all of the $350 billion in available bailout funds has been distributed to states to spend, it has yet to be spent. And so, the next time you hear Republicans claiming that the current inflation crisis was fueled by a $5 trillion Biden program — and maybe throwing around words like “socialism” — remember the words. from Sununu. They refute the exaggerated claims of the Republican campaign.

What is the most powerful force fueling our current inflationary crisis? Sununu got into it too. “Europe is worse off than America, for God’s sake.”

This raises the essential truth: that what we face today is primarily global inflation that was not only fueled, but also fueled by the global supply chain shutdown at the height of the pandemic.

Sadly, missing in all of this is the visible presentation of Biden working as a leader to reopen the global economy — and hopefully fix these supply chain issues. The White House has done a better job of visually showcasing the president’s efforts on the very infrastructure projects Republicans criticize as “inflationary” — except, of course, when a project is in their state.

On Thursday, Biden traveled to Pittsburgh to celebrate the reconstruction with federal funds of the Fern Hollow Bridge, which collapsed in January. “It’s being done in record time,” Biden said, adding that he expects the new bridge to be finished “by Christmas, God willing. I’m coming back to cross that sucker.”

Perhaps the president will choose to make this crossing a symbolic event. He could invite some of his Republican opponents to march alongside him that day. And maybe he’ll even try another infrastructure project — a win-win plan for both sides to deepen their political games and try, just once, to build a bipartisan bridge to prosperity. .


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Lagos Creative Enterprise Week to teach creatives how to ‘Boom and Bloom’ in the face of economic challenges https://ardud.ro/lagos-creative-enterprise-week-to-teach-creatives-how-to-boom-and-bloom-in-the-face-of-economic-challenges/ Wed, 19 Oct 2022 11:09:25 +0000 https://ardud.ro/lagos-creative-enterprise-week-to-teach-creatives-how-to-boom-and-bloom-in-the-face-of-economic-challenges/ The third edition since its inception, this year’s event would be full of creative exercises involving lectures, seminars, masterclasses and workshops. “The dire economic situation in Nigeria calls for innovative ways of earning a living”, said Chukwuemeka Anyiam-OsigweLagos Creative Enterprise Week coordinator. Speaking on who should attend the 3-day event, Anyiam-Osigwe said the Lagos Creative […]]]>

The third edition since its inception, this year’s event would be full of creative exercises involving lectures, seminars, masterclasses and workshops.

“The dire economic situation in Nigeria calls for innovative ways of earning a living”, said Chukwuemeka Anyiam-OsigweLagos Creative Enterprise Week coordinator.

Speaking on who should attend the 3-day event, Anyiam-Osigwe said the Lagos Creative Enterprise Week is for individuals and businesses participating in different sectors of the creative economy.

“We also seek to connect with college and high school art students by engaging them in industry best practices from an early age with a ‘catch them young’he added.

Speakers from various industries will be present to explore relevant topics for the benefit of attendees. Some of the stellar personalities and brands that will be animating the events of this year’s edition are: Director, Screenwriter and Producer Biodun Stephen, who will talk about cinema; PR Expert & Managing Partner at GLG Communications Omawumi Ogbe will talk about the visibility of personal and corporate brands; Lawyer and editor at Pulse, Motolani Alake talk about publishing hacks; Producer and presenter at City 105.1 FM, Jide Benson will share on the broadcast; Co-Founder and Head of Production at Limitless Studios Inc. Gbenga Ajetomobi will host a 3D animation course while payment services bank, 9PSB will host a masterclass on how creatives can take advantage of digital payment services.

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Parasakthi: A look back at a revolutionary moment in Tamil cinema https://ardud.ro/parasakthi-a-look-back-at-a-revolutionary-moment-in-tamil-cinema/ Mon, 17 Oct 2022 10:59:35 +0000 https://ardud.ro/parasakthi-a-look-back-at-a-revolutionary-moment-in-tamil-cinema/ The iconic film that catapulted Sivaji Ganesan and Mr. Karunanidhi to stardom turns 70 on October 17. At the very beginning, it was a typical, conservative plot of a Tamil film: three brothers returning home to attend the wedding of their dear sister. But, as it turned out, Parasakti (The Supreme Power), a 1952 Tamil […]]]>

The iconic film that catapulted Sivaji Ganesan and Mr. Karunanidhi to stardom turns 70 on October 17.

At the very beginning, it was a typical, conservative plot of a Tamil film: three brothers returning home to attend the wedding of their dear sister. But, as it turned out, Parasakti (The Supreme Power), a 1952 Tamil film directed by Krishnan-Panju and written by then 28-year-old Muthuvel Karunanidhi, sparked a wave of radicalism in Tamil popular culture, thanks to cutting dialogues that attacked caste, religion, and social inequality, and scenes that sent shockwaves through the Tamil country.

The rest, as the cliché goes, is history. Legendary comedian Sivaji Ganesan’s first vehicle made history and propelled the growth of Dravidian ideology. Parasakti on the screens at a crucial moment in Tamil history. Just three years earlier, CN Annadurai, who had been a member of the Dravidar Kazhagam (DK) of Periyar, established the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK).

A brigade of young writers associated with the DMK, including Karunanidhi, charged with the ideals of Dravidian politics, had already embraced Tamil cinema. They engaged in direct political propaganda through films such as Nalla Thambi (1949), Velaikkari (1949), and Manthiri Kumari (1950, story of Karunanidhi).

Even though Karunanidhi had worked as an uncredited dialogue writer in Marutha Naattu Ilavarasi (1950), it was Parasakti who cheered him on. The film had several unforgettable dialogues and scenes, including the iconic temple scene where Sivaji Ganesan confronts a priest who tried to assault his sister, and, of course, the elaborate courtroom scene with a marathon monologue of Sivaji Ganesan, who has played a significant role in defining and delivering Dravidian sentiments for the Tamil people across the world.

Indeed, for most Tamilians of the generation, Parasakti offered a masterclass on caste, class, religion and gender: issues that continue to haunt popular culture and politics even today. As social scientist MSS Pandian wrote in his Economic and political weekly article ‘Parasakthi: The Life and Times of a DMK Film’, the film was a ‘panel’ for the coming days of the ‘consensual politics’ that the DMK was ‘destined to play’ in Tamil Nadu.

The DMK would make a foray into electoral politics in 1957, contesting the Madras Legislative Assembly elections. Clearly, the party’s electoral agitation was motivated by the enormous success of Parasaktiwhich cemented his belief in using cinema as a means of propaganda and enabling social change.

Parasakti set high standards for a propaganda film that still remain unmatched. According to Robert L. Hardgrave’s article published in Selvaraj Velayutham’s book Tamil cinema: the cultural politics of the other Indian film industry, S. Panju, one of the film’s directors, said the film was “designed to create havoc”. He added: “We were challenging the social law itself, the basic constitution itself.”

The Dravidian movement gained popularity and momentum through its ruthless critique of religion, God, priesthood, religious scripture, and upper caste rule. However, in the following years, its shortcomings were clearly visible.

For example, Pandian, in his seminal work The image trap: MG Ramachandran in cinema and politics, denounces the “superficial and ineffectual propaganda” of the Dravidian movement while referring to the “hysterical religious revival” that resulted when the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu MG Ramachandran (MGR) was seriously ill in 1984. According to his estimates, 79,000 roadside temples existed until then, of which 27,000 only came into being when MGR fell ill. This event points to the midlife crisis of the movement.

Same Parasakti refrained from suggesting a program of political reform. “They [Parasakthi and other similar movies] played the role of the gadfly attacking the establishment without offering an alternative political or economic ideology,” writes film historian Theodore Baskaran in Eye of the Serpent: An Introduction to Tamil Cinema.

That said, no discussion of the political history of Tamil Nadu or the history of Tamil cinema can be complete without Parasakti. The film, over the decades, is still considered the manifesto of the DMK.

Tamil Nadu continues to produce critical, ideologically sound, caste sensitive and gender conscious films which are also popular. The integration of the vocalization of politics into cinema was the greatest success of the Dravidian movement, although it created another Parasakti in today’s political climate seems like a big ask.

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