Debate the end of Pax-Americana: the Afghan debacle and the “new geopolitical alignments” prospects – II
Posted on 06 Oct 2021 | Author TEACHER. Mr. WASEEM RAJA
The Huntingtonian Clash of Civilizations
The “Huntington’s theory of the clash of civilizations” is visible on the horizon of Asia. General Bipin Rawat, the approval by the Indian Chief of Staff of the “Confucianism-Islam” alignment in the current scenario, has rightly put Huntington in the limelight. Before Samuel Huntington, the great American thinker historian Arnold Toynbee predicted such clashes in Central Asia, clashing for various reasons. If these presumptions are met, it will be a clash with the Western powers. The West will clash with the Western world, which includes Chinese civilization and the emerging Islamic bloc (the green belt from Pakistan to Central Asia, the Middle East to Turkey).
The Islamic bloc aligned with China is said to seek to forge an anti-Western alliance. In recent decades, China has emerged as the world’s economic and military superpower, it has the potential to dominate the 21st century, and rightly so. The emerging Islamic bloc led by Turkey and Pakistan, with the potential for threading into other Muslim countries in the region, is a definite future challenge. The countries that advocate radical Islam seem to be expanding their tentacle and gaining ground as well, if not starting with the takeover of Afghanistan by the Taliban. This bloc and China’s military and economic superiority have one thing in common; they have the pains of the past to be under the imperial dominions of the West. They want their hegemony and their free space now. Several Muslim groups and nations are active and will dominate the scene for years to come.
Francis Fukuyama on American Demise
Another world expert on what is happening in the 21st century is Francis Fukuyama who has warned of the possible demise of American world domination. Francis Fukoyama’s theory of the “end of history” to the “end of America” as a world power has long been in academic circles. The American scholar writes: “The collapse of the US-backed government in Afghanistan marked a major turning point in world history as America turned away from the world. The truth is, the end of the American era had come much earlier. “
Alfred McCoy’s prophecy
The great American historian Alfred McCoy provides another explanation for the emergence of a new world order. McCoy warns of the demise of the American Empire in the 21st century itself. It’s finish. He warned; the American economy was exhausted by the war in the Middle East. It cost billions of US dollars. It brought deindustrialization and a collapse of America’s world trade. Internally, the empire seems to be limping. This was all due to the fact that America had dozens of warmongering generals who waged repeated wars, exhausting its military prowess. This led to a massive contraction of the military machine, causing a debt spiral. There will be a power vacuum, and China, an economic and military juggernaut, will fill the vacuum. Chances are India, Brazil, Turkey and others are working to fill this global void. Alfred Mcoy predicts that the world economy, taken by conglomerates of “transnational corporations”, will supplant any empire. In the manufacturing sector, the US military no longer enjoys superiority. McCoy predicts his end will come decades away. The lie that Saddam possessed weapons of mass destruction has discredited America’s global position in the war on terror.
Faced with the emergence of a unipolar world, without American domination, the twenty-first century could open a Pandora’s box in a new geopolitical realignment. There are already several active unresolved hotspots around the world. America disowning its responsibilities in all of these unresolved geopolitical gray areas means a dire future for many regions facing conflict. Unresolved territorial disputes like the one facing the Palestinians, which the Americans had long promised to resolve but failed to resolve, would further complicate matters. Afghanistan’s current Taliban dispensation, which grew out of anti-imperial connotations mixed with “Islamic zeal”, has survived its days, achieved its goal of reclaiming Afghanistan after successfully ousting the United States , its old enemy demands legitimacy.
Now it is up to the global body politic to accept this fact and help stabilize Afghanistan and redeem the suffering of millions of its hungry Afghan souls. Since US engagements in the region are over, his law enforcement act may not happen again, so unhappy nations like Afghanistan, lacking in resources and legitimacy, would turn to the community. world with hope. He may wait for another superpower to rebuild storm-plagued Afghanistan and bring order to the region’s messy geopolitical space.
(The author is a strategic expert on Afghanistan. He teaches modern world history and the history of the Ottoman Empire and at CAS, Department of History, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh)