EU asks Georgia for data on state, economic and human rights development
The Georgian government published on Friday a questionnaire sent by the European Union, which will open a discussion on the start of negotiations on the republic’s accession to the EU. The document contains issues related to the constitutional system of the republic, the principle of separation of powers and the rule of law.
In a document published in English on the Georgian government’s website, the EU questions the balance of executive, legislative and judicial powers. The European Union is also interested in the work of the Constitutional Court, the principles for appointing judges and the level of its independence.
Separate sections are devoted to the working principles of parliament, government and the judiciary as a whole. The authorities of the republic will also have to respond to questions related to civil society and the openness of state institutions. The European Union also expects Georgia to provide a description of the country’s anti-corruption policy. The EU is interested in how fundamental human rights are protected in the country: the right to life, the prohibition of torture and inhuman treatment, the principle of the inviolability of private and family life, the right to found a family, freedom of expression, the media, political parties, religion.
The government will also have to respond to issues such as the right to education, the right to property, equality between men and women, children’s rights. The questionnaire also deals with the fight against xenophobia and racism, the protection of personal data. A separate chapter is devoted to economic issues. In particular, what is the macroeconomic stability of the country, the state of the financial sector, the business environment and the influence of the state on the production market.
The EU delivered the questionnaire to Georgia on Monday. The document contains 369 questions. Georgian authorities hope to send responses in May.
The Georgian opposition has repeatedly taken the initiative to publish a questionnaire so that the inhabitants of the republic know what answers the government plans to prepare. However, authorities referred to the fact that the document was handed over in confidence.
The recommendation of the European Commission to the Council of the EU to launch negotiations on accession to the Community is the first official step towards accession. Then, the country must agree with the European negotiators on a set of conditions or negotiation chapters to be respected. The negotiation process can last from a few years to an indefinite period. Finland has traveled the fastest way – in three years, – the longest – Turkey, which launched negotiations on EU membership in the autumn of 2005, at present the prospect of their completion is not visible.