Highlights on the timeline of the Covid-19 pandemic | Health

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Here is some information on the spread of the coronavirus epidemic, declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. The coronavirus, called Covid-19 by the WHO, originated in China and is the cousin of the SARS virus.

Coronaviruses are a large group of viruses that are common in animals. Viruses can make people sick, usually with mild to moderate upper respiratory tract disease, similar to a cold. Symptoms of the coronavirus include a runny nose, cough, sore throat, possibly a headache, and possibly a fever, which can last for a few days.

Follow-up of cases

Chronology

January 1, 2020 – Chinese health officials are shutting down the Huanan seafood wholesale market after discovering that wild animals sold there could be the source of the virus.

January 5, 2020 – China announces that the unknown pneumonia cases in Wuhan are neither SARS nor MERS. In a statement, the Wuhan Municipal Health Commission said a retrospective investigation into the outbreak has been launched.

January 7, 2020 – Chinese authorities confirm that they have identified the virus as a new coronavirus, initially named 2019-nCoV by the WHO.

January 11, 2020 – Wuhan Municipal Health Commission announces first death from coronavirus. A 61-year-old man exposed to the virus in the seafood market died on January 9 of respiratory failure caused by severe pneumonia.

January 20, 2020 – China reports 139 new cases of the disease, including a third death. On the same day, the first WHO situation report confirmed cases in Japan, South Korea and Thailand.

January 23, 2020 – The Beijing Culture and Tourism Bureau is canceling all large-scale Lunar New Year celebrations in an effort to contain the growing spread of the coronavirus. On the same day, Chinese authorities impose a partial lockdown on transport to and from Wuhan. Authorities in the neighboring towns of Huanggang and Ezhou Huanggang are announcing a series of similar measures.

January 29, 2020 – The White House announces the formation of a new task force that will help monitor and contain the spread of the virus, and ensure Americans have accurate and up-to-date health and travel information, she says.

February 14, 2020 – Chinese tourist who tests positive for the virus dies in France, becoming the first person to die in the epidemic in Europe. On the same day, Egypt announced its first case of coronavirus, marking the first case in Africa.

February 17, 2020 – A second person in Santa Clara County, California died from coronavirus, but the link was not confirmed until April 21.

February 29, 2020 – Patient dies from coronavirus in Washington state. For nearly two months, this is considered the first death from the virus in the United States, until autopsy results announced on April 21 revealed two previous deaths in California.

March 25, 2020 – White House and Senate leaders reach agreement on a $ 2 trillion stimulus deal to offset the economic damage from the coronavirus, producing one of the costliest and most ambitious measures in the history of the Congress.

April 20, 2020 – Chilean health officials say Chile will begin issuing the world’s first digital immunity cards to people who have recovered from the coronavirus, saying the cards will help identify people who no longer pose a risk to the health of others.

April 28, 2020 – The United States passes one million confirmed cases of the virus, according to Johns Hopkins.

June 2, 2020 – The Wuhan Health Commission announces that it has carried out coronavirus tests on 9.9 million of its residents without any new confirmed cases having been found.

July 7, 2020 – The Trump administration notifies Congress and the UN that the United States is formally withdrawing from the WHO. The withdrawal will take effect on July 6, 2021.

Aug 27, 2020 – The CDC is advising public health officials in the United States to prepare to distribute a potential vaccine against the coronavirus as early as the end of October. In documents published by The New York Times, the CDC provides planning scenarios to help states prepare for and advise on who should get vaccinated first – healthcare professionals, essential workers, national security “populations” and residents and staff of long-term care facilities. .

September 4, 2020 – The first peer-reviewed results of phase 1 and phase 2 clinical trials of the Russian Covid-19 vaccine are published in the medical journal The Lancet. The results “have a good safety profile” and vaccine-induced antibody responses in all participants, according to The Lancet.

March 30, 2021 – According to a 120-page WHO report, the new coronavirus that causes Covid-19 has likely spread to humans via an animal, and has probably started to spread in humans no more a month or two before it was noticed in December 2019. The report says that a scenario in which it would spread via an intermediate animal host, perhaps a wild animal captured and then raised on a farm, is ” very probable”.

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