Immigrant deaths at start of pandemic roughly double those of other Canadians: StatCan
Immigrants accounted for 48 percent of deaths in Quebec, 45 in Ontario and four in British Columbia.
COVID-19 has had a disproportionate impact on some populations, according to the study.
“The results here show that the share of immigrants in deaths attributable to COVID-19 was proportionately higher than the share of immigrants in the total Canadian population. This is particularly true among those under 65 and among men, as well as in British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec.
Immigrants accounted for 30% of all COVID-19-related deaths among those under 65, despite making up 20% of the population, he said.
Between 44 and 51% of people who died from COVID-19 in Vancouver and Toronto were immigrants, according to the study.
Most of the deceased immigrants lived in Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver, the statement said.
Other studies have found that immigrants are at a higher risk of death because they work in essential services, may live in crowded or multigenerational housing, and may have lower language skills and health literacy.
France and the United States have recorded an equally high number of COVID-19-related deaths among immigrants, he said. However, international migrants in Italy did not have an increased risk of poor performance compared to their counterparts born in Italy, he added.
Andy Yan, director of the City program at Simon Fraser University, said the data is similar to what he has mapped and studied in recent months, where those in communities of Toronto and Vancouver who have jobs in blue collar workers were hit the hardest. by COVID-19.
“It’s a complicated conversation about housing and work,” he said in an interview. “Canada’s COVID frontlines are fundamentally defined by the economic and social lines of the country. “
Yan’s study found that COVID-19 hotspots were correlated with high percentages of people working in manufacturing, households where three or more people contributed to the costs of living, or where five or more people lived in a house.
Other issues compound the risk for this group, including housing conditions that may have multigenerational families living in a single household or a number of people living together due to costs, Yan said.
Lack of knowledge of English, economic instability and discrimination also add to the risk, he said.
“Race and ethnicity are not a shortcut for COVID but are part of the complicated history of the economy, housing and the pandemic.”
The visible minorities that make up many of these hot spots include South and Southeast Asian populations, its correlation analysis found.
“It doesn’t mean that you are South Asian and that you are at risk,” he said.
“But it’s all of those things that come together in terms of work, for example, in terms of living conditions as opposed to ethnicity.”
This report by The Canadian Press was first published on June 10, 2021.
Hina Alam, The Canadian Press