PM runs water conservation projects; aims to connect the tap to the villages
Recognizing the urgency of water conservation as well as the goal of providing piped water connections to all rural households in India, the national government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched a series of water conservation projects. ambitious water.
One of the main global problems is global warming and all countries are struggling to deal with this difficult situation. India, like any other country, is not immune to its effects. Although India has 18% of the world’s population, it has only 4% of the world’s renewable water resources, Saudi Gazette reported.
In order to better manage the country’s water resources, PM Modi has taken many crucial steps to ensure a complete halt to water wastage. To achieve this, the Prime Minister has launched a number of water saving projects.
Prime Minister Modi has come up with a five-point formula to ensure that India does not suffer from a water problem in the future.
Initially, the water-related departments were grouped together or integrated. Second, in a diverse country like India, emphasis has been placed on determining the nature of the plans while considering the condition of the terrain in each area.
Third, extreme care has been taken to ensure proper collection and distribution of water. Fourth, every drop of water should be used, water recycling should be a priority in programs and, finally, public awareness and engagement should be encouraged.
The government has taken many steps to prioritize ‘water governance’. It also created separate ministries for water resources.
Recognizing the need to conserve water, the ministry of Jal Shakti was established in 2019. Its goal is to improve water management and provide safe drinking water to all citizens of the country.
The government passed the “Bhagirathi resolution” and within five years took the initiative to provide tap water to all rural households in the country.
A Surprisingly Successful Journey consists of individual stories of using indigenous water-saving methods, moving from conservation to harvesting, and expanding the Jal Jeevan mission to millions of homes.
The average annual water availability of a region or a country is mainly determined by hydrometeorological and geological variables. Overall water availability by rainfall in India is 3,880 Billion Cubic Meters (BCM) per year as per Basin Water Availability Reassessment Report via Spatial Intake-2020, according to the media portal.
Drinking water availability is limited to 1,122 BCM per year due to geological and other factors. The country’s overall requirements for the years 2025 and 2050 are expected to be 843 BCM and 1180 BCM respectively. Water availability per capita is determined by population.
In 2001 and 2011, the average annual water availability per capita was estimated at 1,816 cubic meters and 1,545 cubic meters, respectively.
According to the study, an annual per capita water availability of less than 1,700 cubic meters is considered a water scarcity condition, while an annual per capita water availability of less than 1,000 cubic meters is considered a acute water shortage.
The Jal Jeevan Mission mobile application has been developed and implemented to facilitate the work of all stakeholders. Technology has been widely used to bring about positive change and eliminate severe water scarcity in some places.
Sensor-based loT solutions would be used for real-time monitoring to ensure adequate water distribution in communities on a regular basis.
According to estimates, the country has about 19 crores and 4 lakh rural households.
When the Prime Minister announced the start of the Jal Jeevan mission, around 15 crore 80 lakh households or 81% of these households did not have access to clean water.
This was also true for nearly 50% of urban households. Previously, the condition of other water sources, including groundwater levels, was also becoming a concern in many places.
Every day, women in the country had to spend about 4 hours fetching water for the house. That is, 120 hours per month and 60 days per year were devoted solely to water collection. Every day they have to walk 2-5 miles
The government has spared no effort to address these issues and its resolve to address the issues is clearly visible in the ambitious plans undertaken in this direction.
“Rashtriya Jal Jeevan Kosh” was established to foster a charitable attitude for the noble cause of providing safe drinking water from a tap to every rural family and rural institution in the country. This donation can be used to set up drinking water in the community of your choice.
The Atal Bhujal Yojana anticipates the future of water supply. Groundwater accounts for about 65% of the country’s total irrigated land and about 85% of rural drinking water supply, according to the media portal.
The country’s limited groundwater reserves are under threat due to increasing population, urbanization and industry. In response, the Ministry of Jalshakti established the Atal Bhujal Yojana in 2019 to manage groundwater resources.
It was executed for a duration of five years (2020-21 to 2024-25) with a total investment of Rs 6,000 crore. The goal of this program is to raise groundwater levels in areas of the country where groundwater levels have dropped dramatically.
Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Rajasthan, Karnataka and Maharashtra are covered by this plan, which includes 78 districts, 193 blocks and 8,350 gram panchayats.
Jal Shakti Abhiyan was launched in 256 water-stressed districts in 2019 with the aim of making Jal Sanchay (Save Water) a public movement.
Previously, the condition of women was a deplorable situation. The women of the country had to walk 2 to 5 kilometers with a pot to fetch water.
However, the national government has involved the population in ambitious projects such as the Jal Jeevan mission, which particularly benefits rural women.
The coverage of the Jal Jeevan mission has exceeded 42% in about two and a half years, thanks to the cooperation of women and communities.
(Only the title and image of this report may have been edited by Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)